Metal fabrication is a term that refers to any process that moulds, shapes or cuts metal into a finished end product. Rather than assembling a piece from components that are all ready-made, fabrication creates an end product using semi-finished or raw materials. Fabrication is widely used for both stock and custom products. There are a variety of different metal fabrication processes that are commonly used. Each process depends on both the desired end product and the metal that is to be used.
The majority of custom metal fabricated products are created from common metals and their alloys such as aluminium, copper, steel and so on. Custom metal fabrication methods range in terms of complexity as well as the composition of the used materials and the desired qualities of the final product. Aspects to consider include resistance to corrosion, strength, hardness and conductivity. There are also many different techniques employed in relation to welding, bending and cutting any given metal. With this in mind, let’s take a look at some commonly used metals used in metal fabrication:
- Aluminium is a versatile, lightweight and durable metal used in aluminium fabrication Perth. The metal also boasts good electrical and thermal conductivity. Although it doesn’t perform well when temperatures hit more than 400 degrees Fahrenheit, its particularly great for use in lower temperatures.
- Iron is essential for steel production and is a chemical element.
- Steel is an alloy of carbon and iron that most commonly includes a mix of limestone, iron ore, coal and other elements. Steel has a huge range of applications from machinery to construction materials and more.
- Carbon Steel. Depending on the volume of carbon that’s used, carbon steel can be fabricated to many different levels of hardness. It must be noted, however, that as the amount of carbon goes up and the steel strength increases, the melting point, ductility and malleability decrease.
- Stainless Steel. Stainless steel is comprised of chromium, carbon steel, aluminium and other elements that come together to be very corrosion resistant.
- Copper excels in terms of conducting electricity. It’s corrosion-resistant in a variety of atmospheres. Additionally, copper is malleable, tough and ductile. Copper is particularly good to use in industrial and marine applications.
- Magnesium is low density and is a light structural metal that is often used in machines that have rapidly rotating parts.
- Composed of zinc and copper, brass is often used for pipe fitting, nuts and bolts.
- Bronze is a copper alloy that has a low melting point, is stronger than copper and heavier than steel.
The fabrication of metals is an exact science. Breakthroughs in manufacturing processes and techniques are happening every day so it is crucial for engineering services companies to step up and stay abreast of these changes.
Choosing the Right Metal Fabricator
Now you know more about the most commonly used metals in the fabrication process, you need to ask yourself a few questions to decide on the right engineering company to choose. For example:
- Do you have an idea of the metals you require? This can help you to narrow down your options.
- Have you an idea of the general price you wish to pay?
- Do you have a design idea in mind? Are you willing to work with a professional metal fabrication Perth team to create what you need?
Once you have some ideas and requirements in mind, it’s important to:
- Be specific about your requirements. You know your business better than anyone. You know what works and how. A good fabrication specialist will be able to further help you with this so your components and machinery are the best they can be.
- Search for a few metal fabrication Perth providers. Take a look online, speak to people and pinpoint a few companies that you feel will be a good fit for your needs. Ask for quotes and for examples of other fabrication works they’ve created.
Be sure to hire a company you feel you can trust and who you feel is actively listening to your requirements. A team with experience, attention to detail, transparency and good communications is a great choice.